Promoting Holistic Development of the Whole Child
Holistic Development is the concept that sees each and every child as a whole person – physically, intellectually, emotionally, socially, culturally, morally and spiritually.
The Forest School setting is able to facilitate this concept.
Children develop physically from the top down – so first gaining awareness and increasing control of the head, then arms down to legs and feet.
Gross Motor Skills – the movement and control of large muscle groups for walking, running, jumping and climbing and Fine Motor Skills – involving fine and precise movement of the hands and fingers for drawing, writing, using a knife or tying knots. The physical nature also includes sensory development, the information received into the brain from the senses of sight, hearing, smell, taste, touch, proprioception (the sense of awareness of where the mobile parts of the body, such as arms and legs, are in relation to the rest of the body) and balance.
- Motor – moving to and through woodland, balancing on logs, climbing trees
Fine – shelter building, carving / whittling, knot tying, fire building
Sensory – all senses enhanced by experiencing the woodland environment
…is the development of the part of the brain used for recognising, understanding and reasoning (cognitive) and making sense of what is seen, touched, heard etc. (perception).
Language development is to do with the skills of communication – how children understand (receptive speech) and how children express themselves (expressive speech).
- Planning and discussing where and how to build a natural shelter, making art with natural materials such as mud, clay, bark, sticks, moss and other woodland materials.
- Development of language and vocabulary to describe and reflect on what they have been doing.
Emotional and Social Development
…is to do with how children feel about themselves and others and develops a growing understanding about how and why they feel a particular way and how to interact usefully with others.
- Calmness through not being time restrained, perseverance on finishing a task and the resilience developed through having another go at something, the satisfaction gained through achievement of what they set out to do.
- Co-operation and collaboration of group working say on collecting firewood, shelter building or creative work.
Moral and Spiritual Development
… is the understanding and cherishing of values and ethics such as honesty, integrity and fair play, and the consequences they bring, leading to developments of responsibility and empathy. Allowing the true authentic self to flourish and its connection to all that is around us.
- Development of rules for games that the children work out for themselves and that are fair and just.
- Respect of the woodland environment, its care and protection.