The principal focus of science teaching in lower key stage 2 is to enable pupils to broaden their scientific view of the world around them.
They do this through exploring, talking about, testing and developing ideas about everyday phenomena and the relationships between living things and familiar environments, and by beginning to develop their ideas about functions, relationships and interactions.
They ask their own questions about what they observe and make some decisions about which types of scientific enquiry are likely to be the best ways of answering them, including observing changes over time, noticing patterns, grouping and classifying things, carrying out simple comparative and fair tests and finding things out using secondary sources of information.
They draw simple conclusions and use some scientific language, first, to talk about and, later, to write about what they have found out.
Pupils will read and spell scientific vocabulary correctly and with confidence, using their growing word reading and spelling knowledge.